En las recientes semanas, gracias a Google Scholar he encontrado una cierta cantidad de artículos interesantes sobre ciencias sociales y turismo, que he ido archivando en mi página personal en Furl, un completo sitio para manejar bookmarks online. Algunos de los textos más interesantes que encontré , y que les recomiendo, son éstos.
Turismo e etnicidade, Rodrigo de Azeredo Grünewald, Universidade Federal de Campina Grande – Brasil. “Abstract: Um dos aspectos mais significativos que marcam os estudos em antropologia do turismo é o da mudança cultural percebida em sociedades hospedeiras em conseqüência do impacto de um fluxo turístico. Muitas vezes essas mudanças são acompanhadas de uma reorganização da população hospedeira em linhas étnicas, ou seja, com o estabelecimento de etnicidades orientadas para o turismo. O artigo pretende examinar as relações entre turismo e etnicidade em termos teóricos e tentar promover uma melhor compreensão do turismo étnico para o meio acadêmico”.
Travellers in the periphery. Backpackers and other independent multiple destination tourists in peripheral areas, de Anders Sørensen, Unit of Tourism at Research Centre of Bornholm. “This report presents a study of independent multiple destination tourism, with a particular emphasis on backpackers and other independent travellers. Independent travellers occupy a key role in both popular and academic tourism discourse: often regarded as discoverers and avant-garde tourists but equally often ridiculed as pompous anti-tourists. But research on the subject is scarce and truisms often pass for in-depth knowledge. The overall purpose of this report is thus to throw some introductory light on such modes of tourism. More specifically, the aims of the study are:
1. To throw light on the phenomenon of backpacker tourism in peripheral areas, including the meaning and attraction of peripheral areas for backpackers.
2. To investigate independent multiple destination tourism on the island of Bornholm, by means of data from the Research Centre of Bornholm survey of departing tourists.
3. To investigate backpackers and similar independent travellers on the island of Bornholm by ethnographic means.
4. To discuss the theoretical and conceptual foundation and significance within tourism research of such modes of tourism, and
5. To consider the issue of structural changes in tourism demand patterns and their effect on the independent traveller modes of tourism, and to consider the impact of this on peripheral area tourism
The importance of independent travelling seems to be growing, both in volume and in social significance. This is likely to affect tourism in peripheral areas particularly. Some such destinations will attract peripherality-seeking travellers while others will not be perceived to be peripheral enough. Therefore, the research programme Tourism in the Peripheral Areas of Europe provided a suitable frame for the exploration of the subject of independent travelling. The study approaches the subject from an anthropological angle but draws extensively on knowledge built up within the broader domain of tourism research.
Global Theory and Touristic Encounters, Gavan Titley, Dublin City University. “In this paper I do not wish to re-examine arguments concerning the social unsustainability of this form of tourism, as I think that can be taken as read. My focus will be the way in which this kind of tourism provides a framework for imagining and gazing upon the Caribbean, and the problems this presents for island identities. Central to this is the question of identity and globalisation, that nebulous process which drives the increase in the type of tourism which is under discussion. An influential current in global theory is to analyse the way in which processes engendered in the economic sphere result in cultural phenomenon which are delinked from any simplistic notion of economic causality. While this is generally sustainable, I wish to argue that the precise form of tourism which defines the Caribbean’s entry into this global market has a structuring influence on the cultural, precisely because it is the cultural which has been fundamentally commodified.”